Robert's Rules of Order is one of the most common frameworks for parliamentary procedure.
In the event of dispute on procedures, the parliamentary authority for the meetings shall be the most current available edition of Robert’s Rules of Order.
The sum total of Robert's Rules can be quite daunting, but there are resources available to help. For $8, you can pick up a copy of Robert's Rules of Order (Newly Revised) In Brief that will likely answer 80% of the procedural needs of a relatively small (<10 member) Board of most common interest communities. The complete Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised 12th Edition is available for $16.
Your state statutes may also prescribe important procedural information. For example, Washington State's Nonprofit Corporation Act assumes assent and prescribes specific actions to dissent. Dissenting to a motion has specific legal ramifications that could, for example, provide legal protections to director if the Board votes to do something that has not met the required standard / duty of care. Recording and attributing dissent is therefore not just a matter of proper procedure, but also matter of law.